Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in a lot of cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing irritating elements like typing in incorrect positions, use of hand tools etc. If symptoms not alleviated by this technique, then surgical treatment is likewise a choice and is frequently curative if no permanent damage to nerve has actually currently taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the ulnar neuropathy irritant food item causing neuropathy. Neuropathy might likewise be due to toxic result of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and various others. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There may be some particular treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine in addition to it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.